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Testimonials:

Tenía un caso muy difícil, de un estado a otro y nunca casaron al padre y me. Por la lectura Cómo recoger la ayuda de niño, Aprendí exactamente a lo que hacer. ¡Trabajó! Acabo de recoger $5.000 en pagos traseros de la ayuda!" -- Cheryl, MD

Cómo recoger la ayuda de niño explicó los leyes de ayuda de niño de una manera que podría realmente entenderlos y aplicar a mi caso. Mis cabritos ahora reciben pagos semanales de la ayuda de niño de una orden de la deducción de nómina de pago. Recomiendo altamente el libro!"- Jeanne, IL. Compra $14.95

Versión De la Transferencia directa De Ebook De la Orden Cómo Recoger La Ayuda De Niño, 3ro Edición


Versión Educativa De la ROM del CD


Comparta sus experiencias de la ayuda de niño en Foro De la Ayuda De Niño

Qué estados pueden hacer para mejorar la aplicación y el establecimiento de la ayuda de niño
por Geraldine Jensen

Sección 1

Mejorar la gerencia de las agencias del estado IV-D

Estructura
Estúndares de funcionamiento e intervenciones de la agencia de la ayuda de niño

el proveer de personal y certificación del trabajador
Servicio De Cliente
Justo-Audiencias Del Estado

Sección 2

Técnicas Realzadas De la Aplicación


Recogiendo detrús la ayuda - deuda $92.3 mil millones en ayuda de niño sin pagar
Procesos administrativos
Coste de ajustes que viven
Embargos preventivos
Atadura De Winnings De Juego
Non-Compliance del patrón con órdenes de Renta-Retencio'n
Contratistas independientes y Independientes
Leyes Criminales Del Crimen Del Non-Support
Autorizaciones de banco (Capias, accesorios del cuerpo) y delito menor
Autorizaciones Del Non-Support


Sección 3

Necesidad de la reforma referente a fondos sin distribuir


Los estados divulgan sostener $634 millones en ayuda de niño sin distribuir
Métodos para localizar a padres y para asegurar la distribución pronto del pago


Sección 4

Colectores Privados De regla


Limitación de honorarios
El licenciar y el enlazar


Sección 5

Paternidad Iniatives


El querer pero no capaz a la paga, poco dispuesto y capaz a la paga, poco dispuesta
e incapaz pagar
U. S. Departamento de los programas responsables del padre de salud y humanos de los servicios
Visitation y acceso


Sección 6

Garantizar Pagos De la Ayuda De Niño De las Familias


Fondo fiduciaria De la Ayuda De Niño


Sección 1

Mejorar A Niño de IV-D

Gerencia y estructura de la ayuda

Un sistema de ayuda modelo de niño se debe estructurar para asegurar que es responsable y responsivo a las necesidades de las familias que sirve.

Los mejores sistemas tienen estructuras que promuevan:

Línea directa de la responsabilidad para todos los empleados
Manténgalo simple: evite las líneas que estún en conflicto de la autoridad

Algunos estados han puesto el programa operacional debajo de funcionarios localmente elegidos del condado con

descuido por el departamento del bienestar del estado. El problema con una estructura tiene gusto que sea que la agencia del bienestar del estado es generalmente una oficina del gabinete dentro del gobierno del estado, que no tiene ninguna autoridad directa sobre un funcionario localmente elegido.

Estructura Modelo

Encargados Locales De Director Regional Managers De la Agencia De la Ayuda De Niño Del Gobernador.

El gobernador sería en áltima instancia responsable a los votantes del éxito o de la falta del sistema en el estado. El gobernador después designaría a director de la agencia de la ayuda de niño para desarrollar políticas sanas para asegurarse de que el programa del estado se conforma con los mandatos federales y maximiza el potencial para la colección y la distribución de la ayuda de niño a través del estado. Éste también...

El director pudo también ser requerido seguir los estúndares de funcionamiento establecidos por la legislatura.

El director de la agencia de la ayuda de niño entonces emplearía a encargados regionales para poner las políticas en ejecucio'n en la dirección del director. Los encargados regionales también asegurarían que los programas locales funcionados en conformidad con el estado y los leyes federales, y ayudarían a asegurar que todas las políticas dictadas del nivel del estado fueron puestas en ejecucio'n en una manera uniforme. Los encargados locales serían responsables de las operaciones cotidianas de la agencia local, y descuido y supervisión de la línea trabajadores.

Un marco comprensivo de medidas de funcionamiento constante con las mejores prúcticas segán lo definido en el sector privado, los resultados nacionales del programa actáa, y los estúndares de la contabilidad del gobierno

Desarrollarían al tablero. Como parte de estas mejores prúcticas, poco el námero de las medidas necesarias para cubrir las úreas del funcionamiento que son dominantes con éxito a alcanzar la misión del programa sería utilizado.

Estúndares de funcionamiento que incluyen categorías federal asignadas por mandato y una necesidad del estúndar de funcionamiento del servicio de cliente de ser convertido para asegurar servicios y la aplicación uniformes estatales. La carencia de la imparcialidad y de las injusticias causadas por variaciones en funcionamiento, prúcticas, y estúndares es la fuente principal de las quejas de consumidor.

Las medidas de funcionamiento se deben basar en ventajas a los niños.

Siga las 5 medidas incentivas federales, y agregue 9 medidas de funcionamiento del estado asignadas por mandato:

Medidas federales y del estado

Medida 1 -- Por ciento de los niños para quienes el paternity se ha establecido durante el ejercicio económico.

Medida 2 -- Por ciento de casos con un orden judicial para la ayuda.

Medida 3 -- Los por ciento de dólares actuales recogidos como por ciento de dólares actuales debieron.

Medida 4 -- Por ciento de casos con los atrasos para los cuales los atrasos fueron recogidos.

Medida 5 -- Los dólares totales de la ayuda de niño recogieron por $1 de gasto total.

Medida 6 -- Por ciento de casos con un orden judicial para la corriente.

Medida 7 -- Por ciento de casos con las órdenes para los atrasos.

Medida 8 -- Los por ciento de los casos que tenían una orden de la ayuda establecieron durante el período.

Medida 9 -- Funcionamiento de la medida en la modificación de órdenes.

Medida 10 -- La cantidad media recogió por caso con las colecciones.

Medida 11 -- Satisfacción de la medida con servicio de cliente.

Medida 12 -- Funcionamiento de la medida en establecer órdenes del seguro médico.

Funcionamiento de la medida del ü de la medida 13 en la obtención de seguro médico cuando estú ordenado.

Medida 14 -- Puntualidad y exactitud de intervenciones

Proceso Del Caso

Desarrolle las prúcticas de gerencia constantes del caso y desarrolle las herramientas que dirigirún y asistirún a la puesta en prúctica estatal de esas prúcticas.

Prepare un caso que procesa la matriz de las prioridades.

Uniformidad De la Aplicación

Desarrolle las prúcticas de gerencia constantes del caso y desarrolle las herramientas que dirigirún y asistirún adentro

la puesta en prúctica estatal de esas prúcticas.

Bosqueje un protocolo genérico de la aplicación que considere el tipo del caso, el coste, la eficacia, y factores locales.

Coordine todas las recomendaciones para los proyectos estatales de la computadora.

Audiencias Justas

Provea de todos los clientes de la ayuda de niño el acceso oportuno y fúcil a constante, a exacto, a actual, y termine la información.

Prepare un documento de la edición sobre la puesta en prúctica de un proceso justo de la audiencia.

Prúcticas De Gerencia

Provea de todo el estado y encargados locales de la agencia de la ayuda de niño el entrenamiento, las herramientas, y los recursos que necesitan supervisar y manejar funcionamiento de la agencia, gerencia avanzada de los servicios del ser humano de la oferta, y maximice el financiamiento.

Ediciones de gerencia comán del inventario.

Investigación nacional de la conducta sobre prúcticas de gerencia.

Desarrolle un plan para un programa de la formación para la administración para el personal de ayuda de niño.

Desarrolle un plan para la puesta en prúctica estatal de las mejores prúcticas de gerencia que incluye evaluaciones periódicas de la prúctica de gerencia.

Recomiende las maneras para el estado IV-D de proporcionar temprano y la ayuda óptima a las agencias locales.

Medidas De Funcionamiento

Desarrolle las medidas de funcionamiento claramente definidas para todos los participantes del programa de ayuda de niño que sean constantes con la misión del programa y contribuya a la mejora del programa. Establezca las blancos de la medida de funcionamiento que incluyen líneas de fondo y el extensión escala para la mejora, y que reconocen variaciones regionales en caseloads, demographics, y otros factores.

Propósito para establecer un marco de medidas de funcionamiento

El marco de medidas de funcionamiento realzarú la capacidad de los programas de ayuda de niño del estado para alcanzar su misión. Las medidas de funcionamiento proporcionan la dirección al personal a través del programa comunicando metas enfocadas en los términos que cada una entiende.

Son también cruciales para:

Fijar metas y objetivos.

Actividades del programa del planeamiento para lograr esas metas y objetivos.

Asignación de recursos a los programas.

Supervisión y resultados de evaluación para determinarse si el progreso se estú haciendo hacia

realización de las metas y de los objetivos.

Planes de modificación del programa para realzar funcionamiento.

Definición y características de las medidas de funcionamiento

Las medidas de funcionamiento son las declaraciones cuantitativas que indican progreso en la realización de los resultados significativos a la misión del programa de ayuda de niño. Las medidas de funcionamiento deben poseer las características siguientes:

Importancia

Understandability

Comparability

Timeliness

Consistency

Reliability.

State IV-D agencies should observe the widely accepted principle of using as few measures as possible, while still providing useful guidance to those operating the child support program as to the key indicators of success in achieving the program mission. Researchers Robert Kaplan and

David Norton liken this principle to the design of the dials in a jet cockpit. The dials must give pilots all the information they need to fly the jet safely to its destination; however, the cockpit must not have so many dials that they distract the pilotÆs attention from what is critical to the jetÆs safe operation. Finalmente, las agencias del estado IV-D deben establecer un sistema equilibrado de medidas.

Sin balance, las medidas podrían influenciar organizaciones de la ayuda de niño para sacrificar metas importantes en la básqueda de metas medidas.

Medidas federales y del estado de funcionamiento

Medida 1 -- Paternities estableció

Fórmulas:

Las regulaciones federales permiten que un estado elija de los dos métodos siguientes para que calculan el porcentaje de los paternities establecidos:

Námero total del hacia fuera-de-matrimonio llevado niños para el cual el paternity fue reconocido o establecido en el ejercicio económico

Námero total de niños en el hacia fuera-de-matrimonio llevado estado en el ejercicio económico precedente

O

Námero total de niños en el caseload de IV-D en el ejercicio económico (o en fecha el final del ejercicio económico) para quién el paternity fue establecido o reconocido

Námero total de los niños en el caseload de IV-D en fecha el final del ejercicio económico precedente que eran hacia fuera-de-matrimonio nato

Medida 2 -- Por ciento de casos con un orden judicial para la ayuda

Fórmula:

XX

Námero total de los casos de IV-D con una orden de la ayuda en el extremo del ejercicio económico

Námero total de los casos de IV-D

Medida 3 -- Los por ciento de dólares actuales recogidos como por ciento de dólares actuales debieron

Fórmula:

La cantidad total de ayuda actual de IV-D recogió en el ejercicio económico

Cantidad total de ayuda actual de IV-D debida en el ejercicio económico



Medida 4 -- Por ciento de casos con los atrasos para los cuales los atrasos fueron recogidos

Fórmula:

Námero total de los casos de IV-D con pagos de la ayuda de niño atrasada recibida en el ejercicio económico

Námero total de los casos de IV-D en los cuales la ayuda de niño atrasada es debida

Medida 5 -- Los dólares totales de la ayuda de niño recogieron por $1 de gasto total

Fórmula:

La cantidad total de ayuda recogió por la agencia de IV-D en el ejercicio económico

La cantidad total expendió por la agencia de IV-D en el ejercicio económico

Medida 6 -- Por ciento de casos con las órdenes para la ayuda actual

Fórmula:

Námero total de los casos de IV-D con órdenes actuales de la ayuda

El námero total de IV-D encajona necesitar las pedidos para el support* actual

el * excluye casos me'dicos-solamente

Medida 7 -- Por ciento de casos con las órdenes para los atrasos

Fórmula:

Námero total de los casos de IV-D con las órdenes para los atrasos

Casos totales del námero IV-D que necesitan las órdenes para los atrasos

Medida 8 -- Por ciento de casos con una orden de la ayuda establecida durante el período

Fórmula:

Námero de los casos de IV-D con una orden de la ayuda establecida en el ejercicio económico

Casos del námero IV-D que necesitan una orden de la ayuda en el ejercicio económico

Medida 9 -- Por ciento de las peticiones de modificaciones y námero de los modifcations de los casos

terminado con en 90 días

Fórmula:

Peticiones de Modificatins

Las modificaciones terminaron en el plazo de 90 días

Medida 10 -- La cantidad media recogió por caso con las colecciones

Fórmula:

Cantidad total de colecciones de IV-D por el ejercicio económico

Námero total de los casos de IV-D con las colecciones por el ejercicio económico



Medida 11 -- Medida Statisfaction con servicio de cliente

Fórmula:

Promedio de todos:

Námero de los pedidos audiencias justas del estado

Námero de encontrar contra CSEA

Námero de las llamadas telefónicas

Námero de las llamadas contestadas en persona

Námero de email, corresponsdence

Námero contestado en el plazo de 5 días

Examen anual de clientes

Satisfacción con servicios

Medida 12 -- Mida el funcionamiento en establecer las órdenes para el seguro médico

Fórmula:

Los casos con órdenes del seguro médico establecieron

Los casos que necesitaban órdenes del seguro médico establecieron

Medida 13 -- Funcionamiento en la obtención de seguro médico cuando

ordenado

Fórmula:

Námero de los casos en los cuales se obtiene el seguro médico

Námero de los casos que tienen una orden para el seguro médico

Medida 14 -- Terminaciones oportunas de las intervenciones del caso

Fórmula:

El námero de intervenciones solicitó

El námero de intervenciones terminó con en 14 días



El proveer de personal

La ley del estado debe asignar los niveles por mandato que proveen de personal para las agencias de IV-D

Los incentivos y las comisiones se deben utilizar para aumentar productividad del trabajador

comisión.

El entrenamiento y la certificación estatales de trabajadores deben ser establecidos





Vendedores

La ley federal asigna un registro estatal de la orden por mandato, sistema que sigue de la computadora, y centralizó

unidad estatal de la colección y del desembolso esa pagos de los procesos para todos los casos de la ayuda de niño adentro

el estado usando prúcticas uniformes y procedimientos.

Los contratos (acuerdos cooperativos) deben contornear específicamente responsabilidades locales de las entidades,

marcos de tiempo y penas monetarias para que falta se conforme con regulaciones de los ands de los leyes del estado IV-D

Todos los contactos con otras agencias y vendedores privados de estatal deben identificar claramente

los resultados cuantificables requirieron.

Recursos De Financiamiento

Las víctimas del non-support, niños y padres de la custodia, no deben ser requeridas pagar honorarios o

costes para recibir servicios de ayuda de niño. Si los honorarios son cargas deben ser pagados cerca no

padres de la custodia que no pueden resolver obligaciones de la ayuda de niño.

Los honorarios requieren estados invertir en costos administrativos adicionales y reducen la cantidad de

financiamiento federal recibido por el estado porque los honorarios se deben enumerar como renta del programa.

Los servicios de ayuda de niño reducen la cantidad de fondos del estado pasados en casi cada familia social

mantenga el programa incluyendo Medicaid, la cubierta, el cuidado foster, la delincuencia juvenil, el etc.

Servicio De Cliente

Los sistemas del control de calidad deben estar en el lugar para asegurar el servicio de cliente excelente, incluyendo

satisfacer timeframes federales y:

Supervisión del teléfono para el entrenamiento y la exactitud.

Entrenando para ocuparse de los padres furiosos, difíciles, y del trastorno.

Tiempos de reacción asignados por mandato tales como 48 horas para las llamadas telefónicas, los E-maices, y el volver

semana para la correspondencia.

El Web site de la agencia debe prever descargar el uso y otro forma necesario

para los casos, el acceso de la tela al cheque balancea en los casos, pagos recibidos y fijados (el perno

los námeros se deben utilizar para asegurar aislamiento).

Un ombudsman debe ser disponible y autorizado para asistir a padres. Ombudsman

la autoridad debe incluir la capacidad de resolver problemas.

Audiencias Justas Del Estado De proceso Del ü Del Agravio

La ley federal asigna que por mandato los programas del estado IV-D tienen un proceso del agravio para resolver la distribución del pago

Problemas de la memoria. Este proceso se debe ampliar para incluir la acción o la inacción, excepto quejas en relac'ion con a

órdenes judiciales, custodia o visitation.. La agencia de IV-D debe asignar a alguien con excepción de la corriente

caseworker para investigar y a procurar solucionar el problema. La agencia de IV-D debe proporcionar al padre

con una declaración escrita de alrededor qué van a hacer para solucionar un problema en el plazo de 30 días

recepción de una queja. La declaración escrita debe incluir a padres que informan de un aviso de las sus derechas a a

Indique la audiencia si no estún satisfechas con la resolución.

Audiencia Justa Del Estado

Las audiencias del estado son un proceso administrativo donde el quejarse de la persona tiene la oportunidad de tener

su o su caso de la ayuda de niño repasado bastante por una audiencia del juez del derecho administrativo o de la agencia del estado

oficial:

La agencia de IV-D respondió en el plazo de 30 días pero no resuelve el problema a los padres

satisfacción.

La agencia de IV-D no respondido dentro de 30 días o de recibir la queja.

Los tipos siguientes de quejas se deben tratar con el proceso de la audiencia del estado:

Ninguna acción o carencia de la acción oportuna en un caso

El uso para los servicios de ayuda de niño se ha negado o no se ha actuado sobre dentro de

timeframe requerido.

El caso se ha actuado sobre en la violación del estado o los leyes o las regulaciones federales.

Las colecciones de la ayuda de niño no se han distribuido ni se han distribuido

incorrectamente. O, la cantidad de atrasos de la ayuda de niño se ha calculado incorrectamente.

El caso se cerró.



Aplicación Realzada

Técnicas



La ley del estado debe requerir un sistema de proceso administrativo para establecer paternity y

órdenes de la ayuda de niño (órdenes incluyendo del defecto) y hacer cumplir esas órdenes.

Los leyes o las reglas del estado deben requerir la agencia de IV-D buscar servicios completos de la colección del IRS encendido

casos con atrasos de mús de $750.

La ley del estado debe requerir el accesorio de winnings de juego recoger detrús la ayuda de niño.

El competir con y el casino que juegan deben ser incluidos.

Los leyes del estado deben requerir la publicación en el periódico de los nombres en los non-payors que son

$1.000 o mús en atrasos.

Incumplimiento del patrón con órdenes de retención de la renta: algunos patrones fallan en varias ocasiones

para enviar en ayuda de niño que recogen vía la renta-retencio'n, o fall para incluir námero del caso

e información del empleado con los pagos enviados, así agregando al problema de no identificado y

ayuda de niño sin distribuir.

La ley del estado debe requerir a los patrones que no pueden enviar inmediatamente en pagos de la ayuda de niño

recogido renta-reteniendo segán lo requerido bajo ley del estado actual en armonía con

Sección modelo 5241 de la ley de California del código de la familia,

Los leyes del embargo preventivo del estado deben requerir que un embargo preventivo esté impuesto no mús adelante de 30 días después de que un payor falla a

haga un pago de la ayuda de niño.

Los oficiales de la audiencia en el sistema de proceso administrativo deben tener la energía de pedir payors a

fije un enlace para asegurar el pago.

Las pautas de la ayuda de niño del estado deben requerir que todas las órdenes estén puestas al día automúticamente cada 2

años para considerar cambios en el coste de vivir (ajuste de la COLA). Ademús...

los ajustes deben estar disponibles en a caso-por base del caso cuando las circunstancias financieras de los partyÆs

cambie bastantes para rendir un cambio en la cantidad baja debajo de las pautas de la ayuda de niño de los stateÆs.

La ley del estado debe requerir la agencia de IV-D perseguir buscar-trabaja las pedidos para todos los parados

no payors.



El estado debe funcionar un nuevo hire que divulga el sistema que cubre cada patrón y cada trabajo

la organización que hace negocio en el estado y requiere que nuevo emplee los informes esté archivado la fecha de

hire. Las multas tiesas se deben imponer ante los patrones y las organizaciones de trabajo que no resuelven su

divulgación de obligaciones. Nota: la legislación federal limita multas a $25 o a $500 si el patrón

conspirado con el empleado y con tal que información de false/no.

Incluya las autorizaciones de banco, los capias, el accesorio del cuerpo, el delito menor y la autorización del crimen adentro

Sistema que sigue de la computadora de la aplicación de ley del estado.

Incluya los contratistas independientes en nuevo proceso del registro del hire del estado.

Leyes criminales del crimen del non-Support

Los resultados de un estudio demostraron que eso los cerca de 20% de los padres no-de la custodia son de ingreso bajo y que podrían

. not afford to significantly contribute to the support of their children. . The majority of these

. parents are minorities struggling to sustain themselves in inner city areas. . ACES believes that

. low-income parents provide important support to their children, even if it is not financially

. significant, and that encouraging interaction with the children through time spent with the child

. and even small financial contributions provide children with much needed parental support.

. According to the Census Data, due to the 50% divorce rate and the fact that 25% of all births are

. to parents who were never-married, 60% of the children born this year will spend part of their

. lives in a single-parent household.

. In its impact on children, the child support collection system is now second only to the

. public school system.

. States report holding $634 million in undistributed child support (see state by state chart at the

. end of this section). . Cause for undistributed child support payments is a complicated TANF

. distribution system, mismanagement, and unidentified funds.

. ACES recommends the following changes to the TANF payment distribution to reduce

. undistributed funds:

. If the states cash grant to a family receiving public assistance is lower than the federal

. poverty level for that family, the state should give the family all child support

. collected on their behalf. . The state should disregard the child support in calculation

. eligibility and grant amount until the familyi¿i income reaches the poverty line.

. Child Support cooperation requirements for TANF participants should be reasonable.

. States should define cooperation to be i¿ividing information actually available or

. arresting to a lack of informationi¿i . The penalty for non-cooperation should be no

. more than a 23% grant reduction. . (This is the minimum required by federal law so

. the state cani¿i opt to do less).

. Definition of Undistributed Child Support needed in the law: i¿iistributed collectioni¿i

. means any payment received by the department that has not been distributed to the final intended

. recipient regardless of the length of time from receipt of payment until the present, and shall

. include payments that have been processed as undistributable or unidentifiable collections.

. Lack of adequate and/or accurate information gathered at time order is established: Lack

. of uniformity of gathering this data.

. Uniform Child Support abstract for each administrative and judicial order to be completed at

. time ordered is entered so that data entry is uniform and accurate. . Please see Child Support

. Abstract at end of this section.

. State IV-D shall have quality control systems sufficient to ensure that at the time a support

. payment account is opened or information entered into the state case registry.

. At the time of taking administrative action to enforce an out-of-state support order that may

. result in receipt of a support payment by the state disbursement unit, the department shall ensure

. that any account necessary for disbursement of payment by the state disbursement unit has been

. opened.

. State IV-D agency should employ sufficient research staff and promptly identify the intended

. final recipients of support payments for whom an intended final recipient is not identified by

. automated procedures.

. Regarding support orders for which the state disbursement unit is responsible for collection and

. disbursement activity, the statewide computer system should record all information about the

. support order required by that system, within three days after entry or modification of the support

. order by, or registration of an out of-state support order, in a court of this state.

. Required efforts to prevent accumulation of undistributed, undistributable, and

. unidentifiable collections

. State IV-D agencies should enact uniform procedures governing reporting to, and processing by,

. State/County IV-Ds for changes of address by custodial and non-custodial parents and caretaker

. relatives party to any child support orders. . As part of such procedures:

1. . State/County IV-Ds shall be required to accept and process all verbal change of address

. reports and shall impose no requirement of writing or notarization in order to report a

. change of address.

2. . State IV-D agencies shall develop procedures for verification of changes of address

. reported verbally in order to protect the security and accuracy of address information in

. the child support enforcement and distribution system.

3. . Upon receiving change of address reports that do not conform to verification

. requirements imposed, SDU and State/County IV-Ds shall be required to make specified

. efforts to verify the address information.

4. . State IV-D agencies shall maintain all address information they possess regarding the

. custodial and non-custodial parents in databases shared with, and searchable by

. State/County IV-Ds, as part of their child support distribution functions. . In such

. databases, address information that has not been verified shall be so identified.

5. . All correspondence and notices sent by child support distribution agencies to custodial

. and non-custodial parents shall include forms by which changes of address may be

. reported.

6. . State IV-D agencies shall enact procedures under which the state disbursement unit, at

. some time during each business day, shall attempt to electronically match every support

. payment for which it has not determined the final intended recipient to a support payment

. account opened after the previous electronic matching attempt.

. 7. . Immediately upon learning in a IV-D case that a child support distribution agency is

. unable to distribute a child support payment to the final intended recipient because

. location information in its possession regarding the final intended recipient is not accurate

. or current, the department shall attempt to locate the final intended recipient using:

A. . All location resources available including the federal parent locator service,

. interstate location networks, administrators of public assistance, medical

. assistance, food stamps, and social services programs, relatives and friends of the

. custodial family, current or past employers, the local telephone company, the U.S.

. Postal Service, financial references, unions, fraternal organizations, police, parole,

. probation records, public assistance records, employment, unemployment

. insurance, motor vehicle, and criminal records, and credit bureau records.

B. . Manual searches by State IV-D agency and State/County IV-D 's of its paper files

. on the final intended recipient.

C. . Searches by the department of its electronic case narrative on the final intended

. recipient.

8. . Immediately upon learning in a non-IV-D case that it is unable to distribute a child

. support payment to the final intended recipient because location information in its

. possession regarding the final intended recipient is not accurate or current, a child support

. distribution agency shall attempt to locate the final intended recipient using all location

. sources available to it, including the sources listed above to which resort is not prohibited

. by federal law.

9. . State IV-D agencies shall provide a monthly notice to the custodial parent or, if

. applicable, the caretaker relative of the amount of support payments collected in IV-D

. cases for each month, unless no collection is made in the month, an assignment of support

. to the department is no longer in effect, and there are no longer any assigned arrearages.

. The monthly notice must list separately payments collected from each non-custodial

. parent when more than one non-custodial parent owes support to the family and must

. indicate the amount of current support collected, the amount of arrearages collected and

. the amount of support collected which was paid to the family.

10. . Refunds to non-custodial parents shall be accompanied by notice of the reason for refund

. and of the continued existence of the child support obligation and debt.



. Holding payment when families leave welfare due to caseworkers failing to calculate

. arrears owed to state

. At the expiration of deadlines imposed by 42 USC. . 654b and its implementing regulations for

. distribution and disbursement of support payments collected in title IV-D cases, the State IV-D

. agency should distribute and disburse to the obligee all payments the department has failed to

. distribute and disburse because it has failed to determine the portion of the payments to which

. the state is entitled to distribution.

. Inability to locate either parent: Unidentified and Undistributable payments:

. Model Procedure for claiming undistributed collections.

. (a) The State Disbursement Unit shall create and maintain a database containing all

. known information regarding each child support payment constituting an undistributed

. collection. . Information in said database that is not confidential under federal law shall be

. publicly available and publicly searchable. . All notices to parents and checks provided to

. parents and caretaker relatives shall contain language informing them of the State

. Disbursement Uniti¿i undistributed collections database and the process for assessing it.

. (b) State IV-D agencies shall establish by rule a process for persons asserting entitlement

. to undistributed collections to claim such funds. . The process so established shall include

. the following features:

1. . Claims for undistributed collections may be filed regardless of the period that has

. elapsed since the time of collection and regardless of whether the undistributed

. collection has been processed as undistributable or unidentifiable.

2. . Except as otherwise specified in this section, and insofar as it is practicable, the

. process so established shall resemble State law for recovering unclaimed property.

. Unidentifiable collections

. (a) State IV-D agencies shall establish by rule the method for determining a collection to be

. unidentifiable. . Said rule shall include:

1. . Criteria for the State Disbursement Unit to identify to reasonable certainty the obligee

. for whom incoming support payments have been made.

2. . For cases in which the State Disbursement Unit receives a support payment for whom

. the intended obligee is not identified with reasonable certainty but for whom

. information accompanying the payment partially matches information regarding one

. or more custodial families in state disbursement unit databases, a procedure shall be

. set in place under which said families shall be notified in writing of the partial match

. and provided an opportunity to establish entitlement to the support payment.





. Disbursement to children receiving no child support

. Legislative Change: State IV-D agencies shall establish by rule a program for disbursement of

. the state share of child support deemed undistributable or unidentifiable to State children for

. whom child support has been ordered but no child support has been collected. . Pursuant to the

. departmenti¿i rule, no disbursement of child support pursuant to said program shall be considered

. income to the child or custodial family for purposes of determining eligibility for any benefit

. administered by an agency of the state. . State IV-D agencies may, in designating the children who

. shall receive disbursement of child support under said program, allocate priority to children who

. are receiving, or within the five most previous years have received, temporary cash assistance

. benefits.

. Accountability for undistributed collections

A. . State IV-D agencies shall submit an annual report regarding the amount of undistributed

. collections and the reasons therefor to the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House

. of Representatives, the minority leader of each house of the legislature, and the governor no

. later than January 31st of each year. . Said report shall include in the total amount of

. undistributed collections all undistributed payments received by the department regardless of

. the period of time from receipt of the payment to the time of the report, and shall specify the

. amounts of undistributed collections which were:

1. . Received by State IV-D agency fewer than fourteen days before the date on which the

. report was prepared;

2. . Received by State IV-D agency on a date between fourteen days and six months

. before the date on which the report was prepared;

3. . Received by State IV-D agency on a date between six months and one year before the

. date on which the report was prepared;

4. . Received by State IV-D agency on a date over one year before the date on which the

. report was prepared;

5. . Processed as undistributable collections;

6. . Processed as unidentifiable collections.

. The State Auditor shall conduct an annual audit of all child support payment distribution

. including undistributed collections to determine if, and ensure that, general accounting

. standards have been met for distributing payments and the extent of, and reasons for,

. undistributed collections and actions State IV-D agencies could take to reduce the amount of

. collections that are not distributed.

. Ohio State

. NET UNDISTRIBUTED*

. Alabama

$4,424,712

. Alaska

534,785

. Arizona

13,096,959

. Arkansas

3,749,972

. California

186,922,801

Vail, Colorado

3,465,551

. Connecticut

1,916,064

. Delaware

2,136,854

. District of Columbia

2,497,853

. Florida

28,062,245

. Georgia

14,315,210

. Guam

5,841,373

. Hawaii

6,720,123

. Idaho

975,372

. Illinois

7,266,379

. Indiana

10,972,751

. Iowa

3,577,523

. Kansas

4,634,878

. Kentucky

6,098,886

. Louisiana

581,527

. Maine

1,664,761

. Maryland

1,682,252

Massachusetts

22,310,192

. Michigan

68,873,023

. Minnesota

4,374,975

. Mississippi

4,870,583

. Missouri

10,626,121

. Montana

323,107

. Nebraska

8,410,523

. Nevada

4,384,210

New Hampshire

2,701,755

Nuevo-Jersey

8,041,730

. New Mexico

3,179,510

Nueva York

69,261,422

. North Carolina

7,601,683

. North Dakota

1,473,636

Ohio

33,710,316

. Oklahoma

3,487,116

. Oregon

321,560

. Pennsylvania

19,875,906

. Puerto Rico

4,329,941

. Rhode Island

3,044,252

. South Carolina

5,907,523

. South Dakota

564,057

. Tennessee

21,941,266

. Texas

4,614,614

. Utah

955,500

. Vermont

4,345,723

. Virginia

3,828,177

. Virgin Islands

808,217

Poste De Washington

2,723,852

. West Virginia

9,020,234

. Wisconsin

7,789,227

. Wyoming

2,052,248

. Total

$656,891,346

. Source: Federal Office of Child Support, OCES 2002

. Preliminary 2002 Report

. /www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/cse/pubs/

. CHILD SUPPORT ORDER ABSTRACT

. CASE IN WHICH CHILD SUPPORT ORDER WAS RENDERED:

. Name of Petitioner/Plaintiff: ____________________________

. Name of Respondent/Defendant: ___________________________

. State in which order issued: ______________________

. Court/administrative case number :________________

. Date of order or modified order: ___________________

. Type of case: ___________________________

. Filing date of case: _______________________

. Is a restraining order, protective order, or non-disclosure order due to domestic violence in effect

. against any party to this case? www.FreshBaby.com

. PARTY RECEIVING ORDERED CHILD SUPPORT (custodial parent or obligee):

. Name: (first) _______________ (middle/maiden) ________________ (last) ________________

. Mailing address: ________________________________________________________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. PARTY FROM WHOM SUPPORT IS ORDERED (non-custodial parent or obligor):

. Name: (first) _______________ (middle/maiden) ________________ (last) ________________

. Mailing address: ________________________________________________________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name of partyi¿i employer: _______________________________________________________

. Address of partyi¿i employer: _____________________________________________________

. OTHER OR ADDITIONAL PARTICIPANT IN CHILD SUPPORT PROCEEDING:

. __ custodial parent __ non-custodial parent or obligor __ putative father

. __ other (specify) ________________________________________

. Name: (first) _______________ (middle/maiden) ________________ (last) ________________

. Mailing address: ________________________________________________________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. CHILD(REN) FOR WHOM SUPPORT IS ORDERED:

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. Name: (first) _________________ (middle) __________________ (last) __________________

. Social Security number: ________________ Date of Birth: _________________

. COLLECTION OF CHILD SUPPORT ORDERED:

. __ IV-D case __ Non-IV-D case

. __ by state disbursement unit __ not by state disbursement unit

. PROVISIONS OF CHILD SUPPORT ORDER:

. Frequency of payments ordered: _________________

. (if weekly) Day of week payments are due: _________________

. (if applicable) Date(s) of month payments are due: _____________________

. Amount of each individual periodic payment ordered to be made for:

. ____________ ongoing support

. ____________ arrears

. ____________ other (specify) ___________________________________

. Total amount of each individual periodic payment ordered: _________________

. First due date of payments ordered: _________________

. Expiration date of order: _________________

. Total amount of child support arrears found by order to exist: _______________

. Late payment penalties imposed by order: _______________________

. Amount of interest payments assessed by order: ____________________

. Fees assessed by order: _________________

. Court costs assessed by order: _________________

. Amount of lien imposed by order: _______________

. State and court/administrative case number for prior child support orders superseded by this

. order:________________________________________________________________________

. PERSON COMPLETING FORM:

. Name: ____________________________________________

. Address: ______________________________________________________________________

. If an attorney:

. Bar number: ________________________

. Name of client: ____________________________________________________

. Date form was completed: ________________________

. Regulating Private

. Collection Agencies



. Need for Private Collectors Regulation

. Currently, Private Child Support Collection Agencies are not regulated by the government or any

. other entity. . Therefore, it becomes difficult, if not impossible, to hold them accountable for their

. practices. . No one has the responsibility to audit these collectors and to ensure fair business

. practices.

. Parents report unfair business practices and unethical collection methods. . Collection agencies

. have been the subject of numerous investigative news reports:

. Parents report paying between 30 and 50% of any child support collected, even when the

. collector did no work to collect the money. . For example, they collected even when the

. custodial parent had taken direct action, the non-custodial parent had paid voluntarily, or

. the government had enforced the order by attaching wages, income tax refunds, or other

. assets.

. Within the collectori¿i contracts, support is defined as current and back support. Éste también...

. ensures that the collectori¿i fee is applicable to ALL monies that collected. . Again, after

. the family signed a contract with the private collector, even support collected by the

. government is subject to a 30-50% collector fee.

. Collection agencies generally require the custodial parent to re-register their personal

. information with the government child support office. . The parent must change their

. address to that of the private collection agency. . This ensures that all monies collected by

. the government will be re-routed to the collector for the 30-50% fee.

. Private collection agencies often utilize what attorneys call adhesion contracts. . Such

. contracts are often misleading, granting powers of attorney that are unbreakable. . Even if

. families can prove that they were misled or deceived, these contracts are most difficult to

. break.

. Private collection agencies have literally stolen money from children. . They have collected

. payments from the non-custodial parent and never forwarded the payments to the family.

. Private collection agencies often require up to $200 for an application fee. . Upon receipt

. of the fee, such agencies have gone out of business and completely disappeared.

. Families owed child support often have to pay additional court costs and attorney=s fees

. beyond the 30-50% fee taken from the child support collected.



. Legislative Change: For the equity and protection of our families, ACES is urging that the

. following proposals be introduced:

. ALL fees, application and other, should be charged to the nonpayor. . The victims should

. not be subject to pay any fees.

. Fees for private collection agencies should be capped at 10% .

. All private collectors should be required to be licensed and bonded.

. Private child support collectors should be required to be in compliance with the Fair Debt

. Practices Act.





























































. Fatherhood Initiatives

. The 1990 Census found that 23% of fathers owing support met the food stamp income standard

. and did not pay support. . Labor market trends show declining earnings among low-income, never-

. married minority males with limited education and work experience. . To meet their child support

. obligations, these men need employment-related services.

. Overall, the majority of the fathers of children on TANF are able-bodied employed men

. Fathers report that some welfare polices are "unfair" and act as barriers to being able to

. care for their children

. Federal law requirements to pay back the government for TANF, fees for DNA testing,

. birthing costs take away money needed to care for children after they leave TANF. . Also, if

. support is diverted to the government when families are on TANF, fathers feel they are being

. taxed rather than supporting their children.

. Most states establish retroactive support obligations when setting new orders that go back

. several years (or to the childi¿i date of birth) and establish a retroactive obligation. Éste también...

. obligation may include payment for the childi¿i health care coverage (including Medicaid-

. covered birthing costs) in addition to a lump sum representing cash support that should have

. been paid. . If the order is not established close to the time of the childi¿i birth and/or when

. birthing costs or welfare debt are included, these arrears can be substantial. . States report

. much difficulty keeping track of which parent owes which amount to the state and which

. amount to the family. . Complicated distribution rules of who to pay first when also cause

. much confusion. . The current House Welfare Reform bill and last years Senate Welfare

. Reform bills are attempts to reduce the amount that parent have to pay back to the

. government for TANF.

. States include significant fees or costs in the initial support order. . States seek to recover the

. cost of genetic testing when such tests have been requested. . Some states pursue a variety of

. fees and costs (e.g., attorneys fees, court filing fees), which can add thousands of dollars in

. arrears onto the initial order. . Fees should be based on a sliding scale or not charged since they

. are a dis-incentive to fatherhood.

. States set initial orders for current support based on Child Support Guidelines or automatic

. formulas. . Most states use a combined income guideline which cause low-income non-

. custodial parents to pay a higher percentage of their income in support than upper-income

. non-custodial parents. . States now use income-based child support guidelines to set support

. orders.

. Guidelines vary dramatically from state to state, e.g., a father earning $40,000 in new Jersey

. will pay 20% less than a father earning $40,000 in Indiana. . Some statei¿i guidelines take into

. account the non-custodial parenti¿i need to have at least a minimal amount of money (a i¿if-

. support reservei¿io live on. . A national child support guideline committee is needed to

. review and establish fair guidelines based on most recent economic data.

. States rely on default orders if the parents do not appear and provide information. . Default

. orders are set based on imputed income. . In imputing income, most states assume that the

. non-custodial parent is working full-time. . The amount of earnings imputed may be based on

. the minimum wage, the average state wage, or the average wage in the industry where the

. non-custodial parent has a recent work history. . If the amount imputed is substantially more

. than the fatheri¿i actual income, the order will be well beyond his ability to pay. . Performance

. audits of states which include monitoring them for use of federal and state parent locator and

. private vendor location services would help ensure default orders are fair.

. States fail to publicize that services to modify (lower) a support order are available for free or

. low cost. . A father might lose his job altogether or face a reduction in hours or salary. algunas horas.

. states have policies that encourage obligors to quickly modify their orders if they experience

. a substantial decline in income. . Others make it very difficult for obligors to seek or obtain a

. change even when the original order is clearly beyond the payment capacity of the non-

. custodial parent. . Sending non-custodial parents a notice about modification services available

. at state child support agency as part of payment reminders would solve this problem

. Access/Visitation services are not provided by States like child support enforcement service

. because federal funding to do so is not available. . Custody and access orders could be easily

. established at the same time child support orders are set if both parent agreed. . Providing the

. same type of funding as provided for child support to states and enacting a requirement to

. establish custody and access order if both parents agree would solve this problem.

. Marriage dis-incentives include: continuing to collect child support after the mother and

. father marry to pay back the government for TANF benefits, and counting step-parents

. income to determine TANF eligibility. . Few low-income men have the ability to support a

. "ready- made" family---instead, they live with the women. . This often leads to more children

. being born outside of marriage. . Pre-1984, only the motheri¿i income was considered when

. determining if the child was entitled to a TANF benefit if there was a step-parent.

. Reinstatement of a step-parent income being considered only in part or not at all could reduce

. the number of children born to never-married parents and increase family formation.

. Policies that are beneficial to father-child relationship and family formation

. Children who receive child support are more likely to have:

. contact with their fathers and have fewer behavior problems - Argys and Peters,

. i¿itributions of Absent Fathers to Child Well-being: The Impact of Child Support

. dollars and Father-Child Contactsi¿iniversity of Colorado, 1994

. better grade point averages and significantly better test scores, remain in school

. longer- Graham, Belle and Hernandez, (1994) i¿i Relationship between Child

. Support Payments and offspring Educational Attainmenti¿i

. Child support enforcement:

. Reduces the divorce rate: Nixon, Lucia, The Journal of Human Resources, XXXII-1,

. Winter 1997,Vol. . 32, No. . 1, and Barnow, Burt S., et al, i¿i Potential of the Child

. Support Enforcement Program to Avoid Costs to Public Programs: A Review and

. Synthesis of the Literaturei¿i.S. . Department of Health and Human Services, HHS

. 100-97-007 (2000)

. Reduces the number of births to never married parents: Case, Anne, Fathers Under

. Fire, Chapter 7, i¿i Effects of Stronger Child Support Enforcement on Non-Marital

. Fertilityi¿id Plotnick, Robert D., et al, i¿i Impact of Child Support Enforcement

. Policy on Non-Marital Childbearing,i¿iiversity of Washington (2000)

. Reduces teenage pre-marital childbearing: Plotnick, Robert D., et al, i¿iter Child

. Support Enforcement: Can It Reduce Teenage Premarital Childbearing?i¿iiversity

. of Washington (1998)



. What more can be done?

. Willing but unable to support children

. GED assistance

. Post high school education: technical school, community college

. Job training programs

. Programs to supplement child support payments if participant in programs

. Offers and compromise programs on arrears owed to state to pay off back support due to

. repay TANF if they make regular payments based on current income.

. Unwilling but able

. Strong child support enforcement programs

. Seek work programs

. Unwilling and unable

. Court ordered treatment or jail options

LOS E.E.U.U.. . Department Of Health And Human Services Programs To Promote

. Responsible Fatherhood

. Promoting responsible fatherhood. . Helping young mothers is an important part of HHS efforts

. to assist America's families, but it is also important to recognize the critical role that fathers play

. in the lives of their families. . The President's budget requests $20 million to launch a new

. initiative to promote responsible fatherhood and healthy marriages. . Most of the money would be

. awarded in competitive grants to faith-based and community organizations for skill-based

. marriage and parenting education, job training and other services that help fathers provide

. emotional and financial support to their children. . The new initiative will complement related

. efforts in other HHS programs.

. Mentoring children of prisoners. . The incarceration of a parent can result in traumatic

. separations for children, often followed by erratic shifts from one caregiver to another. Libros De los Niños

. of low-income parents who are in prison suffer disproportionate rates of many severe social

. problems including substance abuse, gang involvement, early childbearing and delinquency. Matthew

. President's budget requests $25 million to promote a new effort to fund a program authorized in

. fiscal year 2002 to mentor and provide other support to these children through the time their

. parents are imprisoned. . Under the initiative, competitive grants will be available to governments

. and faith-based and community organizations.

. Partners for Fragile Families. . Through the Partners for Fragile Families program, HHS has

. approved demonstrations in nine states to examine ways for child support enforcement programs

. and faith-based and community organizations to work together to help young, unmarried fathers

. obtain employment, provide financial support to their families and improve parenting skills.

. Projects are underway in California, Colorado, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota,

. New York, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.

. Strengthening the role of non-custodial fathers. . HHS Administration for Children and

. Families (ACF) has awarded Responsible Fatherhood projects to test comprehensive approaches

. to encourage more responsible fathering by non-custodial parents. . Each state project is different,

. but all provide a range of needed services -- such as those related to job search and training,

. access and visitation, social services or referral, case management and child support -- to

. strengthen fathers' financial and emotional involvement with their children. . Projects are

. underway in California, Colorado, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, New Hampshire,

. Washington and Wisconsin.

. Welfare reform and fatherhood. . President Bush has indicated his commitment to "encourage

. the formation and maintenance of healthy two-parent married families and responsible

. fatherhood" as one of the goals of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program

. (TANF). . States now have the flexibility to use TANF funds to develop responsible fatherhood

. programs. . ACF has issued guidance with examples of such efforts. . Almost half of all states use

. TANF funds for fatherhood programs.

. Abstinence education. . Becoming a father before one is married and ready for the responsibility

. can have severe negative consequences for a father, the mother and the child. . The welfare reform

. law enacted in 1996 created a separate program for abstinence education under Title V, Section

. 510, of the Social Security Act. . The program provides federal grants to states for abstinence-only

. education activities, including mentoring designed to promote abstinence from sexual activity

. until marriage.

. Many programs involve boys and young men in order to encourage behavior that promotes

. responsible fatherhood. . The President's fiscal year 2003 budget requests $50 million in annual

. funding for the program for each of the next five years, for a total of $250 million over the next

. five years. . In addition, HHS' Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) provides

. grants to support the development and implementation of community-based abstinence-only

. education programs for adolescents.

. Involving fathers in Early Head Start. . Last year, ACF awarded grants to 21 Early Head Start

. projects in 17 states to develop new approaches to sustain fathers' involvement in their children's

. lives. . These grants, worth $7.5 million over three years, are designed to provide strategies that

. other Early Head Start projects can use to involve fathers in their family-centered, community-

. based programs. . HHS also has worked with the National Head Start Association and its

. fatherhood partners to develop a father-friendly assessment tool to help programs create more

. inclusive programming for fathers.

. Helping fathers in the criminal justice system. . ACF funds grants to help parents involved with

. the criminal justice system provide more reliable and regular child support for their children.

. These grants support a number of state and local projects that provide services to non-custodial

. parents who are incarcerated, unemployed or underemployed, in order to increase employment

. and reintegrate them into their communities. . Projects are underway in Massachusetts, Minnesota

. and Washington.

. Visitation/Access

. ACES recommends that states have programs to assist families to resolve visitation and

. access problems which are separate from the child support enforcement program.

. Federal grants are available for states to operate Visitation/Access projects. . Over the past five

. years, HHS has awarded a total of $50 million in block grants to states to promote access and

. visitation programs to increase non-custodial parents' involvement in their children's lives. Matthew

. grants may be used to provide such services as mediation, counseling, education, developing

. parenting plans, visitation programs, and development of visitation and custody guidelines.

. Based on data reported by the states, the program serves nearly 50,000 parents each year, evenly

. divided between fathers and mothers. . When mediation is used to resole visitation/access issues

. great care needs to be taken for families affected by domestic violence. . Woman who have been

. victim of domestic violence do not fair well in mediation , they are unable to participate as equal

. partners in the negotiations.

. Guaranteeing Child Support

. Payments



. States can play a leadership role in developing a replicable, scaleable solution to a significant

. public policy concern by establishing Child suppot Trust Funds. . Benefits to Children are receipt

. of timely child support payments. . Benefits to Government include a financially responsible

. solution to an important long-standing public policy concern . . Future welfare payments are

. reduced . . State governments continue to receive federal funding for child support operations and

. collections. . Recent trends in Child Support Collections especially collections via income

. withholding are key to the solution for guaranteeing child support payments for families.

. A Child Support Trust Funds are modeled after financially successful financing instruments (e.g.,

. Sallie Mae, Freddie Mac) It facilitates public-private partnerships and is designed to be

. replicable and scaleable

. An investor purchases a 10-year bond instrument for 50% of the investment and places the

. remaining 50% of the investment in escrow, through the Child Support Trust Fund . . The bond

. guarantees repayment of principal to the investor. . Escrowed funds along with collected payments

. are used for guaranteed monthly payments to Obligee, interest payments, operating costs, and

. fees

. Since 2001, states must improve their overall collection rates annually by 5% in order to be

. eligible for federal incentive payments. . The overall five-year trend has been for about annual

. 10% improvement

. Child Support Trust funds are an opportunity for socially responsible investors, foundations,

. sponsors to make an impact. . It is an opportunity to receive interest on loans and income from

. investments and potential trading opportunities in bonds.

. For more Information about Child Support bonds, contact Geraldine Jensen, ACES President.

. 419-466-4797 or [email protected]

. June 2003

. (2/28)

. ACES, Association for Children for Enforcement of Support, PO Box 180,

. Maumee, OH 43537, 800-738-2237, Offices in California, Michigan, New York and Virginia

. 400 Chapters in 48 States

. www.childsupport-ACES.org

. ACES, Association For Children For Enforcement Of Support, PO Box 180,

. Maumee, OH 43537, 800-738-2237, Offices in California, Michigan, New York and Virginia

. 400 Chapters in 48 states

. www.childsupport-ACES.org





Leyes Del Registro

. State Laws

. Title IV-D of the Social Security Act- Federal Child Support laws . substitute a number 6 for the number 4 that each section begins with = USC, United Stated code sections. . e.g. . Section 454 in Title IV-D of Social Security Act is the same as United States Code USC Section 654

. Federal Child Support Regulations . Federal law become regulations, which are an explanation of how to implement the federal laws. . Citizens can send in written comments about if they agree of disagree with proposed regulations

. Making Laws

Concesiones Del congreso

. Congressional lists

. Congress.Org- . all federal elected officials links, write congress find your congress person by zip

. Congress Info

. Locate

Expedientes Del Páblico De la Básqueda

Gobierno Del Estado

. - National Black Caucus of State legislators

. State legislative sites

Encuentre Su Gobierno Del Estado Agencia De la Ayuda De Niño.

Sobre el autor -- Geraldine Jensen

. Her rise from welfare mom to becoming the leading advocate was the subject of an ABC made-for-TV movie, Abandoned and Deceived. Fundador de AS, asociación para los niños para la aplicación de la ayuda la organización mús grande de la ayuda de niño de los E.E.U.U.. Autor de Ayuda De Niño: Una Referencia Completa y miembro de los E.E.U.U.. Comisión de la ayuda de niño de un estado a otro. ella ha dado una conferencia en las universidades a través de los E.E.U.U. y con tal que el testimonio experto a los tiempos numerosos del congreso. Mús



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